party line Bedeutung, Definition party line: 1. the official ideas and goals of a political party: 2. a phone connection that is shared by two. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für party line im Online-Wörterbuch stumblingtongue.com (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzungen für „party line“ im Englisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch (Springe zu Deutsch» Englisch). par·ty ˈline SUBST. 1. party line.
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "party line"Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'party line' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung im Kontext von „party line“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: party-line. Im öffentlichen Fernsprechnetz bezeichnet der Gemeinschaftsanschluss eine Technik, mit der mehrere Fernsprechanschlüsse über dieselbe Doppelader mit der Ortsvermittlungsstelle verbunden werden. In der Regel handelte es sich um einen.
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Petersburg, Florida was shut down after one month of operation in a rented storefront using a party-line telephone.
In , Southern Bell officials refused a request from a public utilities commissioner in Jackson, Mississippi to segregate party telephone lines on racial boundaries.
While primitive lockout devices to prevent two subscribers from picking up the same line at the same time were proposed relatively early,  multiple simultaneous calls did not become viable until the initial tests of transistorised pair gain devices in Many jurisdictions require a person engaged in a call on a party line to end the call immediately if another party needs the line for an emergency.
Such laws also provide penalties for abuse by falsifying emergency situations. In May , a Rhinebeck, New York woman was indicted by a grand jury after her refusal to relinquish a party line delayed a volunteer firefighter's effort to report a grass fire; the fire destroyed a shed and a barn.
By the s, party lines were removed in most localities. They were not supported by new technologies and subscriber-owned equipment such as answering machines and computer modems.
Meanwhile, the electro-mechanical switching equipment required for their operation and was rapidly becoming obsolete, supplanted by electronic and digital switching equipment.
The new telephone exchange equipment offered vertical service code calling features such as call forwarding and call waiting , but often was incompatible with multi-party lines.
Party lines in the United States were also ineligible for Universal Service Fund subsidies, leading telephone companies to convert them to individual lines to benefit from these subsidies.
In , Southern Bell announced plans to gradually phase out all party lines in North Carolina. One of the last manual telephone exchanges with party lines in Australia was closed down in in the township of Collarenebri , where most town residents had a telephone number of only three digits, and to make a call outside the exchange area it was necessary to call the exchange to place a call.
For rural residents, many were on a single telephone line identified by a number and a property name, such as "Gundabluie 1".
Each party on that single line was identified by a letter, and the ringing pattern for that party would consist of the corresponding letter in Morse code.
This distinctive ring would alert all parties on the line who the call was for. In , the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company replaced party lines with individual lines in Talcott, West Virginia , a rural area which once had as many as sixteen subscribers on one line.
Illinois State University terminated its last party line in Pacific Bell phased out most of its party lines by , and the last ones operating in Nevada shut down in To signal specific subscribers on party lines selectively, telephone operating companies implemented various signaling systems.
The earliest selective system was the code ringing system, in which each telephone subscriber was assigned a specific ringing cadence, not to be confused with modern ring tones.
Although various systems were implemented, one that limited the number of coded rings but established a uniform and readily understood format, was to first give the subscriber number as individual digits, which could be from one to four digits long per exchange, .
Thus spoken, for example, as "nine, three; ring two, two" to mean subscriber No. The two examples cited in this paragraph are taken directly from usage in the American film Party Wire.
Further to this functional deficiency, was a twofold practical deficiency. For though one was only to answer one's own ringing code, every party on the same subscriber line could hear all the ringing codes.
This meant firstly, frequently ringing telephones were a disruptive annoyance, as each party on the line had to stop to listen every time the telephone rang in order to determine according to the ringing cadence if they were the party being called on any given ring.
In the system of divided ringing , the ringing circuit was separated from the talking circuit by adding a ground connection between the central office and the subscriber stations for ringing.
On the same subscriber line, one party used the tip side of the line and ground for ringing, whilst the other party on the same line used the ring wire and ground for ringing, to achieve full selectivity for two-party lines, in which only the selected station would ring.
These names for the wires are derived from the paired cord plugs—used on a manual switchboard—composed of three parts: the tip and the sleeve separated by a narrow metal band called the ring , each of these three components being insulated from one another.
In the Bell System, the two stations were thus called the tip party and the ring party , In combination with code ringing, this method could be extended to four and eight subscribers to reduce the number of disturbances.
In several variations of divided ringing, also called grounded ringing, the bells were activated with polarized current, so that full selectivity was achieved for up to four parties.
Another selective ringing system was based on using different ringing frequencies for each station on the party line.
In North America, this was used mostly by independent telephone systems, while the Bell System abandoned frequency selective ringing in the early s.
Combined with divided ringing, this provided fully selective service for up to eight stations. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews.
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It was used by Socialists against Communists, and was meant to separate out Socialists who believed in egalitarian moral ideas from dogmatic Communists who would advocate and defend party positions regardless of their moral substance.
On the other hand, in inner-party debate sessions, the line can be questioned, criticized, and changed if necessary. Used loosely, the phrase "the party line" may also refer to the non-party organizations such as religious groups, business offices, or a social network that may have a semi-official organizational policy or position that is unrelated to any political party.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Party line. Far-left Centre-left. Centre-left Radical centre Centre-right.Canyon Cartography. Left-wing Far-left Centre-left. Start your own adventure by joining our unique phone chat line. June 18, Sign Up Now! July 11, Take the quiz Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? See more words from the same year From Portugal Г¶sterreich Aufstellung Editors at Merriam-Webster. The Newburgh News Advertisement. Inthe Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company replaced party lines with individual lines in Talcott, West Virginiaa rural area which once had as many as sixteen subscribers on one line. Dictionary Entries near party line party government partyism party jury party line party Wwe Live Stream Deutsch party man party per pale. Party Line is the place that gathers real, sexy men! Start your own adventure by joining our unique phone chat line. Relax and do not worry about privacy. You will be talking to real, handsome men knowing that it is absolutely safe, so let’s get the party started!. English Language Learners Definition of party line: the official policy or opinion of a political party or other organization that members are expected to support See the full definition for party line in the English Language Learners Dictionary Comments on party line. The Party Line Promise. One Stop Shop. We supply everything you need for an event or production - 24/7/ Customer Service. A party line (multiparty line, shared service line, party wire) is a local loop telephone circuit that is shared by multiple telephone service subscribers. Party line systems were widely used to provide telephone service, starting with the first commercial switchboards in Party lines were extremely common in the ’s and ’s in rural areas. The basic advantage of using a party line was that since each connection had to run a number of miles in order to reach the remote homes, a larger number of homes had access to telephonic services utilizing lesser number of wires.